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Schiava

Italian name or component of vine variety names in northern Italy. The term Schiava is derived from the Latin "sclavus" or the Italian "schiavo", meaning "slave". The German names are Trollinger(also Urban) in Germany and Vernatsch in South Tyrol. Vernatsch derives from the Latin "vernaculus" for "native" or autochthonous. Although there are several Vernatsch or Schiava varieties (clones), the name Schiava is also used for other independent grape varieties. They differ in berry size, berry colour, flower colour (Schiava Grigia), grape shape and ripening time, from which the distinction into Grossa, Gentile, Grigia and Lombarda is derived. The most common variety in Kaltern and Tramin is the Vernatsch Klon 59 (personal information from winemaker and wine author Werner Morandell, Lieselehof/Kaltern; as well as from winemaker Bernhard Pichler, Messnerhof/Bozen- both South Tyrol).

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