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Satyr

A mixture of man and goat, led by the Greek god Pan, as representatives of hilarious activity and fertility demons devoted to dance and wine. The lustful creatures are of strong, uncouth appearance, have shaggy hair, a blunt, raised nose, pointed ears and a goat's tail or small horse's tail. On ancient Greek vases they are often depicted with an erect phallus. The satyrs accompany the Greek god of wine, Dionysus (or its Roman counterpart Bacchus) on his travels. The entourage also included the female maenads (frenzy, madness). The picture on the left shows a maenad (left) and a satyr with the staff of thyrsos (symbol of fertility) and a cantharos (drinking vessel for wine). The father of the satyrs is Silenos, the educator and companion of the young Dionysos. Sometimes the father is also called Hermes. The first vine grew from the body of Satyr Ampelos, after him the Ampelography is named.

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