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São Francisco

Wine-growing region in Brazil; see there.

Colonization of the vast land in South America began in the mid-16th century by the Portuguese, who planted the first vines in the Sao Paulo region in 1532. In 1626, the Jesuits came and cultivated Spanish vines in Grande do Sul. However, after the destruction of the Jesuit missions, viticulture was abandoned. The oenologist Auguste de St. Hilaire had already strongly recommended in 1800 that European grape varieties be planted in the south on the border with Uruguay, but this was ignored for almost 200 years. Around 1840, the Isabella hybrid vine was introduced in the Rio Grande region. This produced only simple wines, but tolerated the climate. A significant viticultural development did not occur until 1875, when Italian immigrants brought their native vines with them. Because of the difficult climate, many grape varieties were experimented with, but it was not until after the First World War that vinifera varieties were used. Large international multinationals set new initiatives from the 1970s onwards, these included Bacardi-Martini, Cinzano, Heublein, Martini & Rossi, Moët et Chandon (Chandon Brazil winery), Domecq and Seagram.

In the meantime, there have been great improvements in viticulture and technology that have resulted in internationally acclaimed sparkling, white and red wines. Last but not least, the World Cup held in Brazil in June/July 2014 contributed to this. With its "Faces" line, the Lidio Carraro winery is official supplier of the World Cup. The red wine is designed in the style of a soccer team out of 11 grape varieties. Other well-known producers are Casa Valduga, Cooperativa Vinícola Aurora, Cooperativa Vinícola Garibaldi, Domno, Miolo, Pizzato, Salton, ViniBrasil, Vinícola Basso and Vinícola Perini. Viticulture is mainly practiced in the more temperate zones farther from the equator. The largest area, with about 70% of the vineyard area, is the state of Rio Grande do Sul in the hill country around Bento Gonçalves and Garribaldi. Above all, these are the areas Serra Gaúcha and Frontera. as well as in the south the area Vale dos Vinhedos (Valley of Vineyards), which has been controlled by origin since 2007. The latter was cultivated from the year 1875 by Italian and German...

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