The French author, soldier, philosopher and satirist Charles Marguetel Marquis de Saint-Evremond (1610-1703) is today unjustly almost forgotten. However, he played an important role in the "invention", or better said, the creation of champagne
. Because of a critical letter about Cardinal Jules Mazarin (1602-1661), the Prime Minister of Louis XIV, he was threatened for the third time with a stay in the Bastille (prison). He emigrated to London, where he spent almost half of his life in English exile. He became a welcome guest at the court of King Charles II (1630-1685). So from the year 1661 he introduced white wine from Champagne in barrels. Due to the warm spring weather, a second fermentation was often already initiated in the barrels. The resulting lively sparkling wines were bottled on arrival and subsequently became a popular drink in aristocratic circles within a short time. The Marquis is also said to have designed the shape of the coupe glass for champagne (see also Marie-Antoinette
on this subject).