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The white grape variety (also Roussaou) originates from France. It should not be confused with the Bourboulenc (Roussaou) variety, despite seeming synonyms or morphological similarities. According to DNA analyses carried out in 2013, it is a presumably natural cross between Chanronge x Gouais Blanc. However, this is based on only 20 DNA markers (see Molecular genetics). However, the variety is no longer important; no stock was reported in 2016 (Kym Anderson statistics).

However, there are many other French grape varieties with the name part Roussette that are not necessarily related to each other. Etymologically, the name possibly derives from "rousse" (red-brown, foxy), which could refer to the colour of the berries and/or also shoots. With one exception, they are white varieties:

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