The red grape variety comes from Greece. Synonyms are Loïssima (Crete), Romeïco, Romeiko Mavro and Tsardana. It should not be confused with the Romeiko Machaira variety. The name probably derives from the Turkish name "Romeios" for the Greeks ("Romans" as a former state people of the Byzantine Empire). According to DNA analyses carried out in 2013, it comes from a presumably natural cross between Ladikino x Lagorthi(Verdeca). However, this is based on only 20 DNA markers (see molecular genetics). The late ripening vine is sensitive to heat or drought. It produces alcohol-rich red wines that tend to oxidize. The variety is mainly spread in Crete. However, it is also found on some islands in the Aegean Sea. In 2010, 1,597 hectares were designated (Kym Anderson).
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012