In Central Europe widespread and traditional wine glass with 0.2 or 0.25 litre volume. According to an old version, the name comes from the Low German word "römen" (to boast) and is supposed to mean "Ruhmglas", meaning "splendid glass", thus expressing exclusivity. However, the name is probably derived from "Vitrum Romarium" (Roman glass). In the past, it was used to describe fragments of old Roman glass which were used to melt glass in Germany and from which these glasses were made.
The term was first used in 1501 in Neuss (North Rhine-Westphalia). The forerunner of the Roman was the Berkemeyer tumbler from the 16th century made of green forest glass, which is greenish coloured potash glass (picture left). Significant is the bellied, apple-shaped, thick-walled goblet on a thick stem tapering upwards on a broad base. The foot is studded with nubs (knobs) for a secure grip.
In the 20th century, numerous variants of the historicist Roman were created, whose kuppa (upper bowl) was decorated with a wide variety of decorations such as coats of arms, vine leaves, flowers and geometric ornaments, as well as gilded base and glass rim. Today, however, the dome is mostly smooth (picture right). Roman glass is typical for the Rheingau region. The glass is not suitable for professional wine tastings and is not used in upscale restaurants. It is especially popular in wine taverns(Buschenschank and Heuriger). See also under wine vessels and wine glasses.