The historical landscape between the Apennines and the Adriatic Sea is the eastern part of the Italian wine growing region Emilia-Romagna
. Here lie such important cities as Cesena, Imola, Ravenna and, as the centre of seaside tourism, Rimini. From the 15th century onwards there were constant changes of rule here and in 1859 Romagna even formed an independent state for six months called the Cispadan Republic with the capital Bologna
In 2011 the comprehensive DOC area of the same name was created, including the wines of the five DOC areas thus abandoned: Cagnina di Romagna
, Pagadebit di Romagna
, Sangiovese di Romagna
, Romagna Albana Spumante
and Trebbiano di Romagna
. It is included in the subzones Bertinoro, Brisighella, Castrocaro-Terra del Sola, Cesena, Longiano, Meldola, Modigliana, Marzeno, Oriolo, Predappio. San Vicinio and Serra. There are differences in the product range for each subzone. The vineyards cover about 2,900 hectares of vine area.