The white grape variety comes from Italy (Liguria). Synonyms are Baresana, Biancone, Bruciapagliaio, Bujapajà, Brusapajà, Capello, Cappello, Cappellon, Cappelon, Carcamanu, Carcamulu, Corcesco, Cortinese, Debit, Empibotte, Livornese Bianca, Occhiana, Pagadebiti, Role, Rolla, Rolle, Rolle Blanc, Rollo Bianco, Rollo Genovese, Rollu, Turca di Trani, Uva Barile, Uva di Smirne, Uva Turca and Vaccone It must not be confused with the varieties Biancone di Portoferraio, Biancu Gentile, Mostosa (Empibotte) or Vermentino (Rollo), even though synonyms or morphological similarities may appear to indicate this. According to the DNA analysis carried out in 2013, this is a presumably natural cross between Sciaccarello(Mammolo) and unknown partners.
The medium maturing, high-yielding vine is susceptible to botrytis. It is mostly present as a rollo in Liguria, mainly in the province of Genoa, where it is permitted in the DOC wines Cinqueterre, Riviera Ligure di Ponente and Val Polcèvera, among others. It is usually blended with other varieties such as Albarola, Bosco and Trebbiano Toscano. In Tuscany, under Livornese Bianca is included in the DOC wine Colli di Luni. In 2010, a total of 51 hectares were designated in Italy. In Corsica it is represented as Pagadebit on a few hectares.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: M.I.P.A.A.F - National Vine Certification Service