The English king Richard I. Lionheart (1157-1199) set out on the third crusade in 1190. On his way he conquered the island of Cyprus
the following year. There he got to know and love the famous wine Commandaria
. During the joint siege of the fortress of Acre (according to another source Askalon) Richard Lionheart mortally insulted the Babenberg Duke Leopold V (1157-1194) of Austria. Leopold was involved with a total of eight comrades-in-arms and after the fall of the fortress he attached his Babenberg banner to a castle tower. Lionheart then had the banner pulled down and thrown into the dung, because in his opinion the minor involvement did not justify the fixing of the banner. On the return journey he was first recognised in Carinthia, but managed to escape. On 21 December 1192 he arrived in the Viennese
suburb of Erdberg (today 3rd district). He sent a confidant to the city to buy food. He made himself suspicious by buying Byzantine gold coins. He was followed to an inn, where the king was recognized and arrested.