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With approximately 1.400 km² the biggest island of the Dodecanese group and fourth biggest of Greece in the Aegean Sea. It is also called the "pearl of the Mediterranean". The capital with three ports is also called Rhodes, the second most important city is Lindos. The island is located between the three continents of Europe, Asia and Africa and was therefore of great importance for trade even in ancient times. Probably the Phoenicians brought viticulture to the island even before the Greeks. After Homer (8th century BC) Rhodes took part in the Trojan War with nine ships. In 408 B.C. the three largest cities of Rhodes allied and founded a new city on the site of the present city of Rhodes. Famous were the schools of philosophers, philologists and orators and the city was a centre of shipping, trade and (also wine) culture. In the 7th century B.C. the island developed into an important wine exporter to the ancient world.

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