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According to a hypothesis that can no longer be verified but is unlikely, the ancient red wine Pucinum, already mentioned by Pliny the Elder (23-79), was pressed from a grape variety called Refosco ( Refoschin, Refošk, Rifòsc, Rifosco) or an ancestor. The first confirmed mention of a grape variety called Refosco was on 6 June 1409, when a document mentions a banquet in honour of Pope Gregory XII. (1335-1417) with the following wines served: Marzemino from Gradiscutta, Ramandolo from Torlano, Ribolla from Rosazzo, Verduzzo from Faedis and Refosco from Albana. Varieties under the name Refosco were subsequently often mentioned in northern Italy (especially Friuli) and Slovenia, but the identity is uncertain. It is understood to be a group of partly related mostly red grape varieties:

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