The red grape variety comes from Italy. Synonyms are Bouteillan Noir (there is a French variety of this name), Quagliana, Quagliano Nero, Quaian, Quajan and Qualiano. According to DNA analyses it is a parent of the varieties Bombino Nero, Impigno and Nero di Troia. The variety was described in 1876 by Hermann Goethe (1837-1911) in his Handbuch der Ampelographie as a blue, dense-berry wine grape. The late ripening vine is susceptible to botrytis. It is cultivated exclusively in the province of Cuneo in Piedmont and is permitted in Colline Saluzzesi DOC wine. There, at the end of September, in the municipality of Costigliole Saluzzo, there is even a folk festival in honour of the variety. In 2010, nine hectares of vineyards were designated (Kym Anderson).
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: M.I.P.A.A.F - National Vine Certification Service