Designation (also zonal viticulture) for techniques developed from the 1990s onwards, particularly in Australia. The vin CSIRO department combines modern satellite navigation with soil and grape analysis. The productivity of different vineyards or even of individual plots can vary considerably. The variations depend on soil type, climate and topography and can be up to a factor of 10. This fact is taken into account in precision viticulture in vineyard management. The basis for suitable measures is the collection and evaluation of detailed data. Technical measuring systems and methods are used for this purpose. The satellite-supported navigation system GPS enables a detailed recording of specific data with an accuracy of up to one meter.