Term (also zonal viticulture) for techniques developed from the 1990s onwards, particularly in Australia. In the Viticulture Department of CSIRO, modern satellite navigation was combined with soil and grape analysis. The productivity of different vineyards or even individual plots can vary quite a bit. The variations depend on soil type, climate and topography and can be up to a factor of 10. This fact is taken into account in precision viticulture during vineyard management. The basis for suitable measures is the collection and evaluation of detailed data. Technical measuring systems and procedures are used for this purpose. The satellite-based navigation system GPS enables detailed recording of specific data with an accuracy of up to one metre.