The red grape variety is an interspecific new variety between Seibel 4461(Clairette Dorée Ganzin x Seibel 2003 = Vivarais) x Berlandieri Planchon (older sources wrongly state Seibel 5163 x Seibel 880). Synonyms are Pignoleta Nera, Pignoletta and Seibel 5455, genes of Vitis aestivalis, Vitis berlandieri, Vitis rupestris and Vitis vinifera are included. The hybrid was crossed at the beginning of the 20th century by the French breeder Albert Seibel (1844-1936). She was (mostly under the name Seibel 5455) crossing partner in the five new breedings Bellandais, Seyve-Villard 18-402, Colobel, Landal Noir and Verdelet.
The early ripening vine is very resistant to frost, powdery and downy mildew and botrytis. It produces a dark red wine with an intense raspberry aroma. The variety was very successful and was cultivated extensively in France until the 1950s on around 28,000 hectares. After an interim EU hybrid ban, it was re-approved here in 2008. It occupies 1,060 hectares of vineyards, mainly on the Loire. In North America, it is cultivated mainly in the state of New York. Small quantities are also available in Switzerland. In 2010, however, only stocks in France were recorded (Kym Anderson).
Pictures: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)