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Name (Engl. "Peppered", also Vina Piperata) for a spiced wine produced in ancient Rome from wine, honey and spices dominated by pepper, which was warmed or mixed with hot water. The Conditum (Conditum Paradoxum) was a more sophisticated version flavoured with pepper, mastic (resin of the evergreen mastic pistachio plant), bay leaves, saffron and roasted date seeds. These are the names under which mixed wine drinks are marketed in Italy today. These drinks can be called the forerunners of mulled wine. See also under special wines.

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