The white grape variety originates from the border region Italy (Gorizia)-Slovenia (Goricia). Synonyms are Mattozza, Pinela, Pinella Bianca, Pinjela, Pinello, Pinola and Vipavka. It was already mentioned in the "Catalogo delle varieta delle viti Regno Veneto" in 1324. According to DNA analyses carried out in 2013, it is one of the many descendants of Gouais Blanc (White Heunisch); the second parent is unknown. However, this is based on only 20 DNA markers (see molecular genetics). Possibly the Pinela (Pinjela) cultivated in the neighbouring Slovenian region Primorska is identical. The medium ripening vine is particularly susceptible to botrytis and grape rot. It produces finely acidic, straw-yellow white wines. The variety is used in Friuli Venezia Giulia and Veneto for still and sparkling wines. It is registered in the DOC wine Colli Euganei (under the name Pinello). In 2010, 72 hectares of vineyards were designated (Kym Anderson).
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: M.I.P.A.A.F - National Vine Certification Service