The red grape variety originates from France. Synonyms are Aunis, Brune Noir, Chenin Noir, Gros Pineau, Gros Véronais, La Brune Noire, Mançais Noir, Pinot d'Aunis, Plant d'Aunis, Plant de Mayet and Shenen Noir. It should not be confused with the morphologically similar variety Pinot Noir. According to DNA analyses carried out in 2009, it is not (as suspected) a colour mutation of Chenin Blanc. There is also no relationship to Pinot. The name is probably derived from the cone-shaped grape (pin = pine), as well as from the Prieuré d'Aunis monastery near Saumur on the Loire. It was first mentioned in 1816 by André Jullien (1766-1832). The medium-ripening, rather low-yielding vine is susceptible to chlorosis and botrytis. It produces light red, fresh wines with a peppery aroma, which are particularly suitable for the production of rosé and sparkling wines. Better qualities require a corresponding reduction in yield. The variety is mainly cultivated in the Loire Valley. There, it is permitted in the red and rosé wines of the appellations Anjou, Coteaux du Vendômois, Saumur, Touraine and Valençay. The area under cultivation in 2016 was 413 hectares (Kym Anderson).