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Phenology (ancient Greek phainómenon = appearance, lógos = teaching) is the study of the seasonal and periodically recurring phenomena of growth and development in an organism. It is a branch of biology. Phenology in plants encompasses all phases of the vegetation cycle from budding to dormancy with the external characteristics and changes that occur. The climate plays an important role as it strongly influences the developmental stages and characteristics of a plant.


The term phenotype for a plant, including grapevines, refers to all observable characteristics and traits that result from the interaction of its genetic material (genotype) with the environment. The phenotype is the visible result of the combination of genetic information and environmental conditions. The characteristics:

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The world's largest Lexicon of wine terms.

26,442 Keywords · 47,022 Synonyms · 5,321 Translations · 31,775 Pronunciations · 209,931 Cross-references
made with by our author Norbert F. J. Tischelmayer. About the Lexicon