Science of the seasonal and periodically recurring growth and development phenomena in organisms. These appear in the annual vegetation cycle from budding to winter dormancy with the morphological characteristics or changes that appear externally. The term is derived from the Greek "phainómenon" (visible, appearance). The phenotype of a grape variety contains a catalogue of characteristics that can be used to characterise it. The occurrence of phenological seasons is based on the annually recurring growth and development stages of selected, typical plants. Phenology has emerged as a powerful calibration tool for climate and weather models and is addressed at climatological and meteorological research institutions worldwide. It is also important for climate change research. The phenological developmental stages of the vine in the form of standardised codes are described under BBCH code.
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Restaurantleiter, Sommelier, Weindozent und Autor; Dresden