You are using an old browser that may not function as expected. <br><strong>For a better, safer browsing experience, please upgrade your browser.</strong>

Log in Become a Member


Science of the seasonal and periodically recurring growth and development phenomena in organisms. These appear in the annual vegetation cycle from budding to winter dormancy with the morphological characteristics or changes that appear externally. The term is derived from the Greek "phainómenon" (visible, appearance). The phenotype of a grape variety contains a catalogue of characteristics that can be used to characterise it. The occurrence of phenological seasons is based on the annually recurring growth and development stages of selected, typical plants. Phenology has emerged as a powerful calibration tool for climate and weather models and is addressed at climatological and meteorological research institutions worldwide. It is also important for climate change research. The phenological developmental stages of the vine in the form of standardised codes are described under BBCH code.

Voices of our members

Thorsten Rahn

The Wine lexicon helps me to stay up to date and refresh my knowledge. Thank you for this Lexicon that will never end in terms of topicality! That's what makes it so exciting to visit more often.

Thorsten Rahn
Restaurantleiter, Sommelier, Weindozent und Autor; Dresden

The world's largest Lexicon of wine terms.

26,079 Keywords · 46,829 Synonyms · 5,323 Translations · 31,413 Pronunciations · 186,885 Cross-references
made with by our author Norbert F. J. Tischelmayer. About the Lexicon