The legendary monk Dom Pierre Pérignon (1638-1715) of the Benedictine order (with the same dates of birth as King Louis XIV) joined the Abbaye Saint Pierre d'Hautvillers in 1668 in the function of cellerar. This abbey was located in the Département Marne, the core area of Champagne, in the middle of vineyards on a hill near Paris. Due to its central location, the abbey and the vineyards around it were repeatedly the victims of devastation and destruction by armies marching through. Two decades before Pérignon's entry, the Thirty Years' War had come to an end, bringing about a decline in viticulture not only in France but throughout Europe, from which many areas have still not recovered. But it was precisely at this time that the great upsurge of Champagne as a very special wine-growing region began. The area of Aÿ, still the most famous wine town in the region today, was already at that time considered the abbreviation for excellent wines and was used as a synonym for high quality for the whole region.
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