Name for the black pepper plant and the spice obtained from it. Depending on the time of harvest and further treatment, the peppercorns have different colourings. Red pepper consists of completely ripe, unpeeled fruits. White pepper is fully ripe pepper that has been freed from the husk (the hottest). Green pepper is made from unripe, early-harvested fruit dried at high temperatures or soaked in salt water, which is why it retains its colour. Black pepper is also made from unripe fruit, but is dried naturally (very aromatic). Pepper is often confused with paprika because the latter is also called pepperoni. Adding to the confusion is the fact that the English "pepper" means "pepper" (the vegetable) and also "pepper". The plural "peppers", on the other hand, always means "paprika" and never "pepper". The German "Paprika", borrowed from Hungarian, is derived from "Papar" (pepper).
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Technischer Lehrer, staatl. geprüfter Sommelier, Hotelfachschule Heidelberg