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The red grape variety originates from Italy. Synonyms are Cari, Cario, Pelaverga Gentile di Pagno, Pelaverga di Pagno, Pelaverga Grosso, Pelaverga Nera, Uva Coussa and Uva delle Zucche. The parentage is unknown. It must not be confused with the varieties Neretto Duro (Pelaverga) or Pelaverga Piccolo, despite seemingly suggestive synonyms or morphological similarities. A first mention was allegedly made by Pope Paul II. (1417-1471), who praised a wine from Pagno and Castellar in the province of Cuneo without naming it. According to legend, it was introduced here as early as the 8th century by the monks of San Colombano di Bobbio. It was widespread in Piedmont until the 16th century, but was then increasingly displaced by Barbera and Nebbiolo. The late-ripening vine is susceptible to botrytis. It yields light red, tangy, spicy-peppery red wines with strawberry aroma. The variety is also used as table grape. It is mainly cultivated in the province of Torino, where it is permitted in the two DOC wines Collina Torinese and Colline Saluzzesi, among others. In 2016, 46 hectares of vineyards were designated (Kym Anderson).

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