The white grape variety comes from Spain or South America and belongs to the group of the so-called Criollas (see the history in detail there). Synonyms are Pedro Jiménez and Pedro Giménez Ruggieri. For a long time it was considered to be identical with the almost named Pedro Ximénez (with synonym Pedro Gimenez Rio Colorado), but this was disproved by DNA analysis in 2003. It was either imported from Spain (Canary Islands) to South America (Argentina) with other varieties as early as the middle of the 16th century or was only created there by a presumably natural cross. DNA analyses carried out in 2013 revealed the parentage Criolla Chica(Listán Prieto) x Muscat d'Alexandrie. However, this is based on only 20 DNA markers (see molecular genetics)
In Argentina, the variety occupies 12,132 hectares of vineyards, especially in the Mendoza area, with a sharp downward trend. Together with its two "siblings", Cereza and Criolla Grande, it is used to produce light-coloured, simple bulk wines, which are bottled and marketed in litre bottles and bag-in-boxes. In Chile, 118 hectares have been designated. In 2010, the variety occupied a total of 12,250 hectares of vineyards with a declining trend (ten years earlier it was 15,101 hectares). It thus occupies 58th place in the global grape variety ranking.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012