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Pedro Giménez

The white grape variety originates from Spain or South America and belongs to the group of the so-called Criollas (see there the history in detail). Synonyms are Pedro Jiménez and Pedro Giménez Ruggieri. For a long time it was considered to be identical with the almost identical variety Pedro Ximénez (with synonym Pedro Gimenez Rio Colorado), but this was disproved by DNA analyses carried out in 2003. It was either introduced to South America (Argentina) with other varieties from Spain (Canary Islands) as early as in the middle of the 16th century, or it was only created there by a presumably natural crossing. DNA analyses carried out in 2013 found the parentage to be Criolla Chica (Listán Prieto) x Muscat d'Alexandrie. However, this is based on only 20 DNA markers (see Molecular genetics). In Argentina, the variety occupies 11,197 hectares, mainly in the Mendoza area. Together with the two "sibling varieties" Cereza and Criolla Grande, light-colored simple bulk wines are produced from it and bottled and marketed in liter bottles and bag-in-boxes. In Chile, 4,379 hectares are planted with it. In 2016, a total of 15,576 hectares of vines were designated. The variety is thus ranked 51st in the world grape variety ranking (Kym Anderson statistics).

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