The red grape variety originates from the Iberian Peninsula. Synonyms grouped alphabetically by country are Pedral Noir (France); Alvarinho Tinto, Cainho dos Milagres, Cainho Espanhol, Dozal, Padral, Pardal, Pégudo, Perna de Perdiz (Portugal); Castelão, Pedrol, Verdejo Colorado (Spain). It must not be confused with the varieties Baga, Periquita (Castelão Francês) or Rufete, despite seemingly suggestive synonyms or morphological similarities. According to DNA analyses, the Verdejo Colorado variety, which used to be considered independent, is identical. It is not a colour mutation of the white variety Verdejo. However, the exact parentage is unknown. The late-ripening vine produces colourful, low-alcohol red wines for mostly blends. In Portugal, it is present on 4 hectares in the Minho area, where it is permitted in the red Vinho Verde. In Spain, it is cultivated on 76 hectares in Galicia, where it is authorised in the Rías Baixas area. In 2016, a total of 80 hectares of vines were recorded with a decreasing trend (Kym Anderson).
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