French name (Provençal for "blend") for a spirit drink with an alcoholic strength by volume of 40 to 45%. The drink must not be confused with an aniseed made from different raw materials (cereals, marc, fortified wine, etc.) and then seasoned with aniseed. These are for example arrack or ouzo. Pastis, on the other hand, is made from the basic ingredient aniseed, but this is increasingly being replaced by star anise (this unrelated plant has a very similar aroma). Other ingredients are fennel, various herbs, water, sugar and alcohol. The typical French schnapps has its origins in a ban on the production, distribution and consumption of the herbal liqueur Absinthe and similar spirits issued in 1915. In Provence, farmers secretly produced a "pastiche" (imitation) as a substitute. In 1922, aniseed liqueurs were allowed again in France because, unlike absinthe, they do not contain thujone, which is toxic above a certain amount. Among the most famous Pastis brands are Pastis 51 and Ricard by Pernod Ricard. The Pernod also produced by this company is not a Pastis, but an aniseed. As with all aniseed spirits, a characteristic milky discolouration develops when water is added - the so-called louch effect.