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Paraná

Wine-growing region (also federal state) in Brazil; see there

The colonization of this huge country in South America began in the middle of the 16th century by the Portuguese, who planted the first vines in the Sao Paulo region in 1532. In 1626 the Jesuits arrived and planted Spanish vines in Grande do Sul. But after the destruction of the Jesuit missions, viticulture was abandoned. As early as 1800, the oenologist Auguste de St. Hilaire had strongly recommended planting European vines in the south on the border with Uruguay, but this was ignored for almost 200 years. Around 1840, the hybrid vine Isabella was introduced in the Rio Grande region. Although this produced only simple wines, it tolerated the climate. A significant development in viticulture was not seen until 1875, when Italian immigrants brought their native vines with them. Because of the difficult climate, many grape varieties were experimented with, but it was not until after the First World War that vinifera varieties were also used. From the 1970s onwards, major international multinationals launched new initiatives, including Bacardi-Martini, Cinzano, Heublein, Martini & Rossi, Moët et Chandon (Chandon Brazil Winery), Domecq and Seagram.

In the meantime, there have been major improvements in viticulture and technology, which have led to internationally recognised sparkling, white and red wines. Last but not least, the Football World Cup held in Brazil in June/July 2014 contributed to this. The Lidio Carraro winery is the official supplier of the Football World Cup with its "Faces" line. The red wine is designed in the style of a football team of 11 grape varieties. Other well-known producers are Casa Valduga, Cooperativa Vinícola Aurora, Cooperativa Vinícola Garibaldi, Domno, Miolo, Pizzato, Salton, ViniBrasil, Vinícola Basso and Vinícola Perini. Viticulture is mainly carried out in the more temperate zones further away from the equator. The largest area, with about 70% of the vineyard area, is the state of Rio Grande do Sul in the hills around Bento Gonçalves and Garribaldi. These are mainly the areas of Serra Gaúcha and Frontera. and in the south, the Vale dos Vinhedos (Valley of the Vineyards), which has been under origin control since 2007. The latter was cultivated from 1875...

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