Production area for red wines, rosé wines, white wines and sparkling wines in the Italian region of Lombardy The zone (DOC, DOCG and IGT Provincia di Pavia) is the third largest in Italy after Asti and Chianti with 16,000 hectares of vineyards. The Oltrepò geographical area is located in the south of the province of Pavia, on the border with Piedmont and Emilia-Romagna. The total area is almost 100,000 hectares of mostly hilly and mountainous character at an altitude of 300 to 400 metres above sea level. The climate is characterized by particularly dry winters and ventilated summers, with high temperature variations due to air currents rising on the slopes. The soils of the foothills are made up of marine sedimentary rocks with an important clayey component.
The area covers 16,000 hectares in 42 municipalities in the Apennine foothills on the southern bank of the Po. About 12,000 are classified as DOC/DOCG area. However, about two thirds of the production is not produced as DOC/DOCG wine. Large quantities of grapes are delivered to large spumante wineries such as Cinzano, Gancia and Martini & Rossi in Piedmont or as cask wine to Milan to produce mass wines. The Oltrepò is the largest producer of the Pinot Nero variety in Italy with around 3,000 hectares. There are many winegrowers' cooperatives whose members cultivate small areas with an average of two hectares.
The pure variety wines must contain at least 85% of the respective variety, the rest can be other approved varieties up to a maximum of 15%. They are mostly secco (dry) but also amabile and dolce. The red wines are Barbera, Cabernet Sauvignon and Pinot Nero(Pinot Noir) - blanc de noirs and as Rosato. The white wines are Chardonnay, Cortese, Malvasia(Malvasia di Candia Aromatica), Moscato(Muscat Blanc), Riesling (Riesling Renano = Riesling and/or Riesling Italico = Welschriesling) and Sauvignon(Sauvignon Blanc).
The wine types Rosso and Rosato are blended from Croatina (25-65%), Barbera (25-65%), as well as Uva Rara and/or Ughetta = Vespolina and/or Pinot Nero (max. 45%), as well as other approved varieties (max. 15%). The Bianco is made from Riesling and/or Riesling Italico (60%), as well as Pinot Nero (white pressed) and other permitted varieties (max. 40%).
A Spumante there are of the wines Chardonnay, Cortese, Malvasia, Moscato and Pinot Nero. A Frizzante there are from Barbera, Chardonnay, Cortese, Malvasia, Moscato, Pinot Nero, Riesling and Rosato. One Superiore it only comes from Riesling. A longer matured Riserva there are of the Barbera, Riesling and Rosso. And one Liquoroso there's the Moscato. In addition, the following DOC/DOGC wines are also available in the Oltrepò-Pavese area
Among the most famous producers in the sector are Agnes, Albani, Anteo, Ballabio, Bellaria, Bisi, Borgolano, Ca' di Frara, Ca' Montebello, Cantina di Casteggio, Cantina Storica il Montù, Caseo, Ca' Tessitori, Cinzano, La Costaiola, Doria, Frecciarossa, Le Fracce, Fugazza, i Gessi, Giorgi, Isimbarda, Lino Maga, Marchese Adorno, Marchese di Montalto, Martini & Rossi, Mazzolino, Monsupello, Montelio, Pegazzera, Piccolo Bacco del Quaroni, Picchioni, Quaquarini, San Giorgio, San Michele ai Pianoni, Ruiz de Cardenas, Tenuta il Bosco, Travaglino, Vanzini, Vercesi del Castellazzo, Bruno Verdi, La Versa, Zonin.