The state with the capital Columbus is located between Lake Erie in the north and the Ohio River in the south in the central northeast of the USA. It is of particular historical importance for American viticulture. In 1825, the surveyor John Adlum (1759-1836) left some Catawba cuttings to the lawyer Nicholas Longworth (1783-1863), who planted them on a large scale on his lands near Cincinnati on the Ohio River. He produced from them the first American sparkling wine "Sparkling Catawba" and became the first major commercial wine producer in America. Catawba wine was even exported to Europe at this time and was well received there. The Ohio River was called the "Rhine of America". In 1859, shortly before the American Civil War (1861-1865), one third of America's vineyards were located along the Ohio River and twice as much wine was produced as in California. After the Civil War, the movement of the Temperenzlers (alcohol opponents) severely restricted the wine boom.
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