A common name for a single location in Germany. It is usually derived from a manorial building (which may no longer exist) on the top of a hill.
The upper part below the ruins of Höhingen Castle was converted into vineyards in 1819 by blasting the steep rock faces. The vineyards, which are in the form of four amphitheatres facing west to south-east, but mainly south-facing, at an altitude of 190 to 320 metres above sea level with a slope gradient of 20 to 80%, cover 80 hectares of vineyards. The very large and therefore heterogeneous site is divided into the four areas of Böhmischberg, Büchsenberg, Schlossberg and Schneckenberg. The soils consist of dark, weathered, skeleton-rich volcanic rock with a partly artificially applied loess layer. In some areas, the soil is so poor that the vine stakes had to be set in concrete for stability. The main varieties grown here are Riesling, Pinot Noir, Pinot Gris, Pinot Blanc and Silvaner. The Augit, Dr. Heger, Freiherr von Gleichenstein, Keller Franz, St. Remigius, Waßmer Fritz, Wassmer Martin and Winzergenossenschaft Achkarren w ineries, for example, have shares in the site.
This is a historic site. The south-facing vineyards with a slope of 5 to 40% cover 15 hectares of vineyards on clay loam soil. Riesling and Burgundy varieties are cultivated here. Shares are held, for example, by the wineries Forster Georg, Joh. Bapt. Schäfer, Pieroth and Schlossgut Diel.
The two ancestral castles of the Counts of Castell once stood here. Around 1266, a division of property took place, and the most important Castell vineyards were mentioned for the first time in the deed of division. Today, only a stair tower remains of the castle built in the 16th century. The south, southwest and west-facing basin-shaped vineyard at an altitude of 300 to 390 metres above sea level with a slope of 40 to 70% covers 4.5 hectares of vines. The soils, which are grey-blue on the surface and prone to erosion, consist of gypsum keuper, calcareous marl and grusy mudstone with intercalations of alabaster. The Silvaner, Riesling and Rieslaner varieties are cultivated here. The site is owned exclusively by the Fürstlich Castell'sches Domänenamt wine estate. The Reitsteig vineyard is located on the lower slope of the Schlossberg.
The south-facing vineyard lies directly under the walls of Cochem Castle. Throughout history, this mountain and the castle have been the scene of fierce battles and sieges. On the steep vineyards 70 metres above the Moselle, the vines take root in brittle blue slate with little fine soil. In 1998, the steep slope was completely replanted in terraces at great expense. The main varieties cultivated here are Riesling and Pinot Noir.
The vineyard, which faces southeast to southwest in the form of a basin, has a slope of 20 to 60% and comprises 3.8 hectares of vines on skeleton-rich granite and gneiss weathered soil. The site is solely owned by the Freiherr Roeder von Diersburg winery.