A common name for a single location in Germany. It is mostly derived from a (possibly no longer existing) manorial building on the top of a hill.
The upper part below the ruins of Höhingen Castle was converted into vineyards in 1819 by blasting the steep rock faces. The vineyards, which are in the form of four amphitheatres facing west to south-east, but mainly south-facing, at an altitude of 190 to 320 metres above sea level with a slope gradient of 20 to 80%, cover 80 hectares of vineyards. The very large and therefore heterogeneous site is divided into the four areas of Böhmischberg, Büchsenberg, Schlossberg and Schneckenberg. The soils consist of dark, weathered, skeleton-rich volcanic rock with a partially artificially applied loess layer. In some areas, the soil is so poor that the vine stakes had to be embedded in concrete for stability. Here, mainly the varieties Riesling, Pinot Noir, Pinot Gris, Pinot Blanc and Silvaner are cultivated. Shares in the site have for example the wineries Augit, Dr. Heger, Freiherr von Gleichenstein, Keller Franz, St. Remigius, Waßmer Fritz, Wassmer Martin and Winzergenossenschaft Achkarren.
This is a historic site. The south-facing vineyards with slopes ranging from 5 to 40% cover 15 hectares of vineyards on clay loam soil. Riesling and Burgundy varieties are cultivated here. Shares have for example the wineries Forster Georg, Joh. Bapt. Schäfer, Pieroth and Schlossgut Diel.
The two ancestral castles of the Counts of Castell once stood here. Around the year 1266 a division of property took place, whereby the most important Castell vineyards were mentioned for the first time in the division document. Today, only a stair tower remains of the castle built in the 16th century. The south, southwest and west-facing basin-shaped vineyard at an altitude of 300 to 390 meters above sea level with a slope of 40 to 70% covers 4.5 hectares of vineyards. The soils, which are grey-blue on the surface and prone to erosion, consist of gypsum keuper, calcareous marl and grusy mudstone with intercalations of alabaster. The Silvaner, Riesling and Rieslaner varieties are cultivated here. The vineyard is the sole property of the Fürstlich Castell'sches Domänenamt. The Reitsteig vineyard is located in the lower middle of the Schlossberg slope.
The south-facing vineyard lies directly under the walls of the Reichsburg Cochem. Throughout history, this mountain and the castle have been the scene of fierce battles and sieges. On the steep vineyards at a height of 70 metres above the Moselle, the vines take root in brittle blue slate with little fine soil. In 1998, the steep slope was completely replanted in terraces at great expense. Here, mainly the varieties Riesling and Pinot Noir are cultivated.
The vineyard, which is oriented to the southeast to southwest in the form of a cauldron with a slope of 20 to 60%, covers 3.8 hectares of vineyards on skeleton-rich...