The red grape variety is an interspecific new variety between Riparia-Millardet x Gamay Noir. Synonyms are 595 Oberlin, Oberlin 595 and Black Oberlin. It contains genes from Vitis riparia and Vitis vinifera. The hybrid was crossed at the beginning of the 20th century by Christian Oberlin (1831-1915) at his institute near Colmar in Alsace, after whom it was later named. The variety is resistant to phylloxera and downy mildew. It was a crossing partner for the new varieties Castor, Pollux and Siegfriedrebe. It was very successful and still occupied around 4,500 hectares in France at the end of the 1950s. Today, it is grown almost exclusively in the Grand Est region in the northwest, on 26 hectares, with a strong downward trend. A small population is also said to exist in Paraguay. In 2016, however, only the French stock was reported (statistics Kym Anderson).
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