The red grape variety is an interspecific new variety between Riparia-Millardet x Gamay Noir. Synonyms are 595 Oberlin, Oberlin 595 and Schwarzer Oberlin. It contains genes from Vitis riparia and Vitis vinifera. The hybrid was crossed at the beginning of the 20th century by Christian Oberlin (1831-1915) at his institute near Colmar in Alsace, after whom it was later named. The variety is resistant to phylloxera and downy mildew. It was a cross-breeding partner in the new Castor, Pollux and Siegfriedrebe varieties. It was very successful and covered around 4,500 hectares in France in the late 1950s. Today, it is cultivated almost exclusively in the Grand Est region in the northwest (new since 2016). A small population is also said to exist in Paraguay. In 2010, 64 hectares were recorded (Kym Anderson).