The Republic of Macedonia, formerly part of Yugoslavia, became independent in 1991. For historical reasons, both Macedonia and (for the region of Macedonia with the three-fingered peninsula Chalkidike and the monk's republic Athos) claimed for themselves (see also under Macedonia). After many years of dispute, the two states came to an agreement in 2018. On 12 February 2019 the official renaming into Northern Macedonia (Republika Severna Makedonija) took place. Wine-growing in Northern Macedonia has a long tradition, as in all other former Yugoslav states.
The Mediterranean-continental climate is characterized by mild winters and warm, sometimes even subtropical summers. The topography is characterised by mountains and barrenness. There are three wine-growing regions where "Vrvno Vino" with a controlled denomination of origin is produced: