The red grape variety comes from Sicily-Italy. The name means The Black from Avola after the small town in the south-east of the island in the province of Siracusa. Synonyms are Calabrese (2nd main name), Calabrese Cappuciu Nero, Calabrese d'Avola, Calabrese de Calabria, Calabrese di Noto, Calabrese di Vittoria, Calabrese Dolce, Calabrese Nero, Calabria, Calabriai Fekete, Calabrisi d'Avola, Niureddu Calavrisi, Strugeri de Calabria and Uva de Calabria. It was first described in 1696 by the Sicilian botanist Francesco Cupani (1657-1710) under the name Calavrisi, which could indicate a Calabrian origin. The synonymously used part of the name "Calabrese", however, has nothing to do with Calabria, but is an Italianisation of the Sicilian dialect name "Calaurisi", which means "grape coming from Avola". The ancestry (parentage) of the variety is unknown, but several DNA analyses show a variety of varieties.
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