The red grape variety comes from Sicily-Italy. The name means "The Black from Avola" after the small town in the south-east of the island in the province of Siracusa. Synonyms are Calabrese (the second main name), Calabrese Cappuciu Nero, Calabrese d'Avola, Calabrese de Calabria, Calabrese di Vittoria, Calabrese Dolce, Calabrese Nero, Calabria, Calabriai Fekete, Calabrisi d'Avola, Niureddu Calavrisi, Strugeri de Calabria and Uva de Calabria. It was first described in 1696 by the Sicilian botanist Francesco Cupani (1657-1710) under the name of Calavrisi, which could indicate Calabrian origin. However, the synonymously used part of the name "Calabrese" has nothing to do with Calabria, but is an Italianization of the Sicilian dialect name "Calaurisi", which means "grape coming from Avola". The descent (parentage) of the variety is unknown, but several DNA analyses show a variety of varieties.