The red grape variety comes from Italy. Synonyms are Freisa di Nice, Freisa Grossa, Freisa Mora, Freisone, Neretta, Neretto, Neretto del Beinale and Neretto di Cavaglià. The parentage (parenthood) is unknown. Although it appears to be synonymous or morphologically similar, it should not be confused with the varieties Bonarda Piemontese, Freisa (no genetic relationship) or the numerous Neretto varieties. The medium to late ripening vine is susceptible to brushwood disease. The variety was first mentioned in 1787 by Giuseppe Nuvolone Pergamo. Today it is grown throughout Piedmont, but mainly in the two provinces of Cuneo and Torino. It is usually blended with other local varieties such as Barbera, Grisa Nera, Nebbiolo and Plassa. It is authorised there in the DOC red wine Valsusa. In 2016, 119 hectares of vineyard area were designated with a decreasing trend (statistics Kym Anderson).
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