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The later canonized priest with the complete but rarely used name John of Pomuk or John Nepomuk was born around 1350 near Pilsen. The name means "God is merciful", his day of remembrance is the day of death March 20 (Austria) and May 16 (Germany). In 1380 he became a priest at Prague Cathedral. He studied Canon Law at the University of Prague and obtained his doctorate in Canon Law in Padua. From 1389 he was Vicar General of the Archbishop of Jenštejn

In the disputes between the Czech King Wenceslas IV (1361-1419) and the Prague Archbishop Jenzenstein, Nepomuk was captured in 1393, tortured, burned by the king himself with pitch torches, dragged through the streets of Prague and then drowned in the Vltava River. Nepomuk was the queen's confessor. It is said that King Wenceslas wanted to know what his wife had confided to the priest under the seal of the confessional secret, which the priest refused to do despite torture. He is the patron saint of Bohemia, as well as of confessors, sailors, millers, winegrowers and the bridges. Saint Nepomuk helps against water hazards. Calendar sayings are: 1) Saint Nepomuk, drive back the water spout. 2) St. Nepomuk makes us the water that makes us laugh a good spring. See also under Farming Rules, Wine Saints and Wine Gods.

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