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It is primarily associated with the name of a grape variety. In fact, it is an umbrella term for various varieties, crossbreeds or new varieties with Muscat involvement and also, not infrequently, unrelated grape varieties. It is therefore not possible to speak of a group of varieties and certainly not of a muscatel family (the same phenomenon also applies to the four name groups Lambrusco, Malvasia, Trebbiano and Vernaccia). There are Muscatel varieties with berries in all imaginable shades of white, yellow, grey, green, pink, red, brown, purple, blue and black. According to one of the numerous hypotheses, the variety is said to have been known to the Egyptians and Persians as early as 3,000 BC, for which wall paintings are sometimes mentioned as an indication. However, there is no conclusive evidence of this, as identification is naturally not possible with such pictorial representations.

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