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Oldest and most important wine-growing area in the region of Dobrogea (Dobruja) in the extreme south-east of Romania, named after the village of the same name. The vineyards are situated on hills near the Black Sea coast. The wine cellars of Murfatlar were already mentioned by the Roman poet Ovid (43 BC to 8 AD). Numerous archaeological finds of viticultural equipment from ancient times can be seen in the museum in Constanta and the viticulture museum in Murfatlar. The state winery in Murfatlar on the Black Sea also includes a research institute and, with 4,000 hectares of vineyards, is one of the largest Romanian wine-growing enterprises. The climate is characterised by a lot of sunshine and low rainfall. In the past, the area mainly produced white wines and heavy, sweet dessert wines from autochthonous varieties and the Tamîioasa (Muscat Blanc). Today, Chardonnay, Gewürztraminer, Muscat Ottonel, Pinot Gris and Riesling Italico(Welschriesling) as well as Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot and Pinot Noir are increasingly being cultivated

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