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Mugs

Drinking vessel in the shape of a cylinder or bulbous in the shape of a barrel - then barrel cup. For a long time, simple cups made of wood or stoneware were popular drinking vessels; those of the wealthy were also made of precious metal and more rarely of glass. In southern Germany and Austria, cups with a handle are also called "Haferl" or "Häferl". A tumbler consists of a hollow goblet and a stem-like handle with a pointed or rounded bottom, so that it can only be emptied and turned upside down or placed on its side. When filled, it must be held in the hand or a special frame. Such cups were very popular up to the high Middle Ages for protection against poisoning. Funnel neck cups are drinking vessels with an egg-shaped belly, conical neck, a funnel-shaped, wide rim and a standing ring. But a cup was also an old grain measure with a volume of about 0.1 (Russia) to 0.15 liters (Germany). Derived from this, excessive alcohol consumption in Austria is also known as beakers. See also under the special forms of nubbed glass (warty cups) and willy cups as well as under wine vessels.

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