Drinking vessel in the shape of a cylinder or bulbous in the shape of a barrel - then barrel cup. Simple cups made of wood or stoneware were popular drinking vessels for a long time; those of the wealthy were also made of precious metal (1) and more rarely of glass. In southern Germany and Austria, cups with a handle are also called "Haferl" or "Häferl" (4). A tumbling cup (5) consists of a hollow goblet and a handle-like part tapering to a point or rounded at the bottom, which means that it can only be turned upside down when empty or placed on its side. When full, it must be held in the hand or on a special stand. Such cups were very popular until the High Middle Ages for protection against poisoning. Funnel-necked cups are drinking vessels with an egg-shaped belly, conical neck, a funnel-shaped, wide rim and a standing ring (2, 3). However, a beaker was also an old grain measure with country- and even locally specific volumes. Derived from this, excessive alcohol consumption is also called becher in Austria. See also under the special forms Noppenglas (Warzenbecher) and Willybecher as well as under Weingefäße.
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