In the mid-1920s there had been a few bad vintages in Bordeaux and Baron Philippe de Rothschild (1902-1988) made a virtue of necessity. He created a simple wine in 1927, which he called "Carruades de Mouton", but it was a flop. In 1930 a second attempt was made with the successor "Mouton Cadet". The part of the name "Cadet" means "Junior" or "Youngest" and was named after Philippe, the youngest scion of the family.
The name had a double meaning, because the baron wanted to express the simpler quality. Along with some other brands such as Baron Philippe Collection, Heritage Range and Mise de La Baronnie, it belongs to the second product line, "Branded Wines", after the famous Château Mouton-Rothschild.
The brand developed into the Bordeaux bestseller par excellence. From 1975 with three million, production has increased to 13 million bottles a year worldwide. This means that every 2.5 seconds a Mouton Cadet bottle is opened worldwide. The other brand wines make up nine million. Like all brand wines, the wine is produced and distributed by the Rothschild company "La Baronnie". For this purpose, "everything" is used, so to speak, in wines that are not sufficient for the Grand Vins in terms of quality, as well as other wines from various Bordeaux areas.
The simple Mouton Cadet Rouge, Blanc and Rosé are marketed under the Bordeaux appellation, using all the grape varieties authorised there. Cleaned wines are more likely to be consumed in the near future. There is also a higher quality level Réserve. The Rouge used to be made from Cabernet Franc 55%, Cabernet Sauvignon 30% and Merlot 15% under Médoc, the Blanc varietal from Sémillon under Graves. For almost 75 years nothing has changed in this composition, but with the 2004 vintage a new recipe was introduced. The Rouge now consists of Merlot (65%), Cabernet Sauvignon (20%) and Cabernet Franc (15%), the Blanc of Sémillon (50%), Sauvignon Blanc (40%) and Muscadelle (10%). In no case should the Mouton Cadet line be confused with the second wine "Le Petit Mouton Château Mouton-Rothschild", which is at least one class higher. There is also a cigar brand "Zino Mouton Cadet" (from Honduras) with a burgundy wrapper, which was personally created by the entrepreneur Zino Davidoff (1906-1994) especially for Baroness Philippine de Rothschild (1935-2014) in the mid-1980s.