Capital of the southern French region of Languedoc-Roussillon in the département of Hérault, not far from the Mediterranean coast. In 1289, Pope Nicholas IV founded a university here. (1227-1292) founded a university with the disciplines of medicine, theology, law and philosophy. This developed into an intellectual centre of a high standard. Among others, the famous physician Arnaldus de Villanova (1240-1311) taught here. In 1872, the "École Nationale Supérieur Agronomique" was founded as a branch of the university. The reason for the foundation was the catastrophe in French viticulture caused by the two mildews and phylloxera. Jules Émile Planchon (1823-1888), who was finally able to identify phylloxera as the cause of the mysterious vine death in 1868, also worked here as a professor of botany. Today, the Department of Viticulture is one of the most important institutes in the world.