The French botanist and researcher André Michaux (1746-1802) was engaged in botanical studies, which he initially carried out while travelling in England, France and Spain. On behalf of the French government he went on a botanical mission to Persia. After two years he returned with an extensive herbarium. The French king Louis XVI (1754-1793) sent him to the USA in 1785 to look for plants that were important for France. In 1786, he established a base in Charleston(North Carolina) in the form of a garden, from which he undertook many expeditions to various parts of North America, describing and naming numerous plants. Michaux collected many plants and seeds and sent them to France. At the same time he also introduced many plants from all over the world to America, including the ginkgo tree. In 1802 he described the American wild vine Vitis riparia for the first time, which is why his name is also included in the botanical name (Vitis riparia Michx.). In the same year he died of tropical fever during a trip to Madagascar. The lily species Lilium michauxii is also named after him.