The white grape variety comes from France. Synonyms are Annereau, Blanc Ramé, Chalosse de Bordeaux, Gaillac, Gros Meslier, Meslier, Meslier Blanc, Meslier de Seine et Oise, Meslier d'Orléans, Meslier du Gatinais, Meslier du Gers, Meslier Gros, Meslier Jaune, Meslier Vert, Pelegarie and Purgarie. It must not be confused with the Petit Meslier (Meslier Vert), Prúeras (Annereau) or Roublot (Meslier) varieties on the basis of synonyms or morphological similarities which appear to indicate this. There is also no connection with the red variety Meslier Noir. According to DNA analyses carried out in 2013, it is probably a natural cross between Gouais Blanc x Chenin Blanc. By the way, the two varieties Balzac Blanc and Colombard were created with the same parents. The variety Meslier Rose with reddish berries is a colour mutation.
A vine called Meslier was first mentioned in 1512 in a document of the abbey of Saint-Germain-des-Prés near Paris. According to Pierre Galet (1921-2019), it spread from the department of Seine-et-Marne in the north to the Loire, Burgundy, Champagne and southwest France. The medium ripening vine is susceptible to botrytis and grape rot. It produces low-alcohol neutral white wines. In the past, it was also used to produce the two brandies Armagnac and Cognac. Today, the variety is mainly grown in the Gers and Charente departments, where it is approved for the Pineau des Charentes liqueur. In 2010, 15 hectares were designated, with a decreasing trend (ten years earlier, it was 55 hectares).
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)