The red grape variety comes from Bulgaria. Synonyms grouped alphabetically by country are Kachivela, Kacivela, Kativela, Marvud, Mawrud, Svinarska Loza, Svinjarska Loza, Tsiganka(Bulgaria); Karvouniaris, Mavro, Mavroude, Mavroudi, Mavroudi Boulgarias, Mavroudion, Mavroudi Voulgarias(Greece), and Mavroud(France). The parentage (parenthood) is unknown. In spite of apparently indicative synonyms or morphological similarities it must not be confused with the varieties Karvouniaris, Mavro, Mavroudi Arachovis or Mavrud Varnenski. There are the varieties Mavrud s Edri Zarna, Mavrud s Drebni Zarna, Mavrud sas Splekani Zarna, Mavrud Siv and Mavrud Izresliv, which differ in berry size and colour. The variety was a crossing partner of the new varieties Buket and Evmolpia. According to an unverifiable hypothesis, the very old variety (or a possible ancestor) is said to have been cultivated by the Thracians in ancient times.