The red grape variety originates from Bulgaria. Synonyms grouped alphabetically by country are Kachivela, Kacivela, Kativela, Marvud, Mawrud, Svinarska Loza, Svinjarska Loza, Tsiganka (Bulgaria); Karvouniaris, Mavro, Mavroude, Mavroudi, Mavroudi Boulgarias, Mavroudion, Mavroudi Voulgarias (Greece), and Mavroud (France). The ancestry (parentage) is unknown. Despite seemingly suggestive synonyms or morphological similarities, it must not be confused with the varieties Karvouniaris, Mavro, Mavroudi Arachovis or Mavrud Varnenski. There are the varieties Mavrud s Edri Zarna, Mavrud s Drebni Zarna, Mavrud sas Splekani Zarna, Mavrud Siv and Mavrud Izresliv, which differ in berry size and colour. The variety was a crossing partner of the new varieties Buket and Evmolpia. According to unverifiable hypothesis, the very old variety (or a possible ancestor) was already cultivated by the Thracians in ancient times.