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Mauzac Blanc

The white grape variety comes from France. Synonyms are Aiguillon, Becquin, Bekin, Béquin, Blanc Laffite, Blanc Lafitte, Blanquette, Blanquette Aventice, Blanquette de Limoux, Blanquette Sucrée, Caspre, Clairac, Durancon, Gaillac, Gamet Blanc, Maousac, Mausac, Mausat, Mauza, Mauza Blanca, Mauzac, Moisac, Moissac, Moysac, Mozac, Mozak Belyi, Peron, Perrond, Plant de Gaillac, Primard, Cue Fort, Cue Roide and Sudunais. It must not be confused with the variety Ondenc (with the synonym Béquin) or the morphologically similar Italian variety Torbato (Tourbat in Roussillon). The parentage (parenthood) is unknown. According to DNA analyses, the pink berry variety Mauzac Rose is a colour mutation. Mauzac Blanc was a parent of the variety Négret Castrais. However, there is no relationship to the red variety Mauzac Noir. The late ripening, frost hardy vine is susceptible to black spot disease, eutypiosis, both types of mildew and botrytis. It produces rustic, acidic white wines with an aroma of withered apple skin.

The variety was first mentioned in 1736 under the name Mausat, which probably goes back to a village near Toulouse. Under the name "Blanquette" (after the white-pollinated leaf underside of the vine), it has been used for centuries in Languedoc to produce the sparkling wine Blanquette de Limoux. It is also permitted in the white wines Crémant de Limoux and Gaillac and is also used for the brandy Armagnac. The variety was widespread in the late 1950s in southwest France with 8,500 hectares of vineyards. In 2010, 1,991 hectares of vineyards were designated for Mauzac Blanc and 27 hectares for Mauzac Rose. There is also a small stock of Mauzac Blanc in Napa Valley, California.

Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012

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