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The red grape variety originates from Italy. Synonyms or varieties are Balsamea, Balsamina, Barzemin, Berzamino, Borgogna, Marzemina Cenerenta, Marzemina di Napoli, Marzemina Nera, Marzemina Veronese, Marzemino d'Isera, Marzemino d'Istria, Marzemino del Tirolo, Marzemino della Terra Ferma Veneta, Marzemino Nero and Marzemino Trevigiano. The two most common varieties or clones are Marzemino Comune and Marzemino Gentile. Despite seemingly suggestive synonyms or morphological similarities, it must not be confused with the varieties Lambrusco Barghi, Marzemina Nera Bastarda, Merzifon Karasi, Negrone (Marzemino di Padova), Pavana, Uva Rara (Balsamea) or Vertzami. According to DNA analyses carried out in 2006, Marzemino (as well as Lagrein) is the result of a presumably natural cross between Teroldego x an unknown, presumably extinct variety. Additional analyses revealed the parentage of Marzemino for the varieties Marzemina Bianca and Refosco dal Peduncolo Rosso. The hypotheses of a descent from the Slovenian municipality of Marzemin, from Merzifon in Turkey or from Greece proved to be untenable.

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