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Martini Cocktail

Classic cocktail, around whose origin many legends entwine. There are at least ten versions surrounding the "invention" of the Martini, but it is most likely that this drink developed slowly. The most probable precursor of the "Martini" was a cocktail called "Martinez", which in turn owes its name to the Californian town of Martinez, where it became popular towards the end of the 19th century. There is even a plaque commemorating the "Birth of the Martini" at the intersection of Alhambra Avenue and Masonic Street. As early as around 1850 Vermouth martini was exported to the USA as early as 1850, but it was not added to gin by bartenders until around 1880.

There is no exact date of the "first Martini". A "Martinez" was first mentioned in writing in 1884, although curacao, maraschino (cherry) and orange bitters were also added. The New York bartender Jerry Thomas is considered the inventor. The name "Martini" was first mentioned in a French bar book in 1888 and "Dry Martini Cocktail" in 1904. In any case, the Martini counts as an aperitif and today is usually mixed from several portions of gin and a smaller portion of mostly dry Vermouth. However, vodka can also be used instead of the classic gin, but then it must be explicitly ordered as a "vodka martini". If a whisky is added instead of gin, as well as Angostura, then this is a Manhattan.

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