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Maréchal Joffre

The red grape variety is an interspecific new variety between Millardet et Grasset 101-14 S.P. (Riparia x Rupestris) x Golden Riesling (1). Synonyms are Joffre, Kuhlmann 187-1 and Marshal Joffre. Genes of Vitis riparia, Vitis rupestris and Vitis vinifera are included. The hybrid was crossed at the beginning of the 20th century at the Oberlin Institute in Colmar-Elsass by the breeder Eugène Kuhlmann (1858-1932). It is named after Marshal Joseph Jacques Césaire Joffre (1852-1931), who was Chief of General Staff during the First World War and French Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces from 1915 to 1916. The new Etoile I, Etoile II, Léon Millot, Lucie Kuhlmann, Maréchal Foch and Pinard were also created with the same parents. This early-ripening, high-yielding vine is moderately resistant to frost, and generally good against most vine diseases. The variety is grown in Canada, as well as in the US states of Colorado, Minnesota and Washington. In 2016, however, no stocks were reported (statistics Kym Anderson).

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