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The red grape variety originates from Italy. Synonyms are Balsamina Grossa, Gaglioppa, Galsamina Nera, Maioppa, Ortonese, Primitivo di Viaggiano and Uva Nostrale. It is often confused with the Gaglioppo variety due to seemingly suggestive synonyms and morphological similarities. The vine, which ripens very late, is sensitive to winter frost. It yields colourful, spicy red wines with soft tannins, which are mainly used as blends. The variety used to be widespread in the Abruzzo region. Today, it is cultivated there in the provinces of Chieti and Pescara, as well as in the province of Macerata in the Marche region. In 2016, 13 hectares were reported with a falling trend (Kym Anderson).

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