The red grape variety comes from France. Synonyms are Madeleine and Vigne Suliacaise. It was already mentioned in 1847 under the name Madeleine by the French ampelographer P. Raguenaud. The vine was considered already extinct when in 2004 an unknown vine was found in an abandoned vineyard in the western French community of Saint-Suliac on a hill called Mont Garrot near the monastery. Subsequently, four more vines were discovered in the Charente département, here called Madeleine. As viticulture in Brittany was abandoned over 200 years ago, these are very old vines. DNA analyses carried out in 2008 by Dr Jean-Michel Boursiquot and Dr Carole Meredith in Montpellier and the University of California (Davis) revealed that it is an unknown variety of the Vitis vinifera species, but its exact parentage (parenthood) is unknown.