The white grape variety comes from France. Synonyms are Branco Especial, Especial Branco, Royal Magdalene Grape, Maddaleina Royal, Maddalena Reale, Madeleine Impériale, Madlen Blond, Madlen Roial, Madlen Roiyal, Madlen Royal, Magdalena Kralovska, Magdalene Real, Magdalenka Kralovska and Plant du Caporal. She was bred in 1845 in Angers (Maine-et-Loire) at the Institut Moreau-Robert from a seedling unknown at the time. According to DNA analyses carried out in 2010, it is probably a natural cross between Pinot x Frankenthal Noir(Schiava Grossa). The variety was a crossing partner in the new varieties Abondant, Frühgipfler, Madeleine Angevine, Prachttraube and Sirio, in some Dalmasso and Pirovano table grapes, as well as the long sought-after father variety of Müller-Thurgau. The early ripening vine has grapes with muscat and is sensitive to powdery mildew. It is suitable as a table grape and ornamental grape. In 2010, less than one hectare of vineyard area was designated in the French Département of Hérault.
Pictures: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)